2018 PPI Score
School Choice Score: 0%
Charter Schools Score: 65%
Oregon dropped in the rankings from a “C” to a “D.” Although a high charter cap scores some points for Oregon, this state’s charter law allows only district authorizers and establishes a very inequitable funding mechanism for charter schools.
- Law passed in 1999
- Number of charter schools: 126
- Estimated charter school enrollment: 32,900 (increased 4 percent from 2015-16)
- Oregon does not cap the number charter schools
- Virtual charter schools are allowed
- Charter schools can contract with EMOs with significant regulations.
- Oregon scores 3 out of 15 points for “authorizing.” Oregon’s law allows only local school boards to authorize charter schools, which typically limits diversity an innovation. If a school board denies an application, a charter can appeal to the state board or a university, which can authorize the school if it accepts the application.
- Oregon scores 9 points for “growth.” Although the state does not cap the amount of brick and mortar charter schools that can operate, virtual charter schools may not enroll over 3 percent of the students in a district. Additionally, Oregon has many policies that make it difficult for successful charter schools to expand. Those policies include requirements for new applications when a successful school wants to expand and the requirement that schools with multiple campuses have multiple boards of directors.
- Oregon scores 12 out of 20 for “operations.” Oregon’s charter schools receive a blanket waiver from most regulations that apply to district schools. However, since school districts are the main authorizers in Oregon, charter schools are rarely permitted operational autonomy in practice.
- Oregon earns 4 of 15 points for “funding equity.” The law provides a per-pupil funding amount for charters that is 80 percent of the weighted average daily maintenance formula for students in grades K-8 and 95 percent of the formula for students in grades 9-12. This formula assumes that charters and district schools serve the same student populations. Because charters
often serve more low-income students than their district counterparts, funding inequities result. Furthermore, authorizers can retain up to 20 percent of charter school funding for “administrative” fees. These fees deepen the funding disparities between charter and district schools. ‘Charter schools receive no per-pupil facilities funding.
Teacher Quality Score: 62%
Delivering Well Prepared Teachers C-
Expanding the Pool of Teachers F
Identifying Effective Teachers D
Retaining Effective Teachers D
Exiting Ineffective Teachers D
Overall State Grade D-