2018 PPI Score
School Choice Score: 0%
Charter Schools Score: 82%
New York ranks in the top ten, with a “B” grade. The state has varied, independent authorizers that have helped to grow and protect a strong charter sector. The SUNY Charter Schools Institute, for example, provides charters with a great deal of autonomy and protects them from burdensome regulations. In some places, however, politics threaten the stability of the sector. In New York City, where district leadership is sympathetic to the teachers’ union’s agendas, charters face ongoing hostilities.
New York City, which is home to the majority of the state’s charters, also faces an uphill battle when it comes to establishing innovative schools. New York law restricts the type of charters that operators can establish. For example, there is no provision for online or blended schools and charters may not have relationships with for-profit education service providers.
- Law passed in 1998
- Number of charters: 349
- Estimated charter enrollment: 132,100 (up 5 percent from 2015- 16)
- A new innovation adopted in 2017 by SUNY allows charter schools to certify their own teachers
- Charter schools do not receive per pupil Pre-k funds
- A study by the University of Arkansas concluded that charter schools in New York City receive 19 percent less in per pupil funding than traditional public schools
- New York receives 11 of 15 possible points for “authorizing” because its law allows both school districts and the SUNY Charter Schools Institute to authorize schools.
- New York earns a 10 out of 15 for “growth” due to its charter school caps. However, policies exist that allow successful charter schools to replicate (such as allowing single boards to hold multiple charters).
- New York earns 14 out of 20 points for “operations,” mainly due to the autonomy authorizers provide. However, the law requires charter teachers to be certified (with few exceptions) and participate in collective bargaining processes. This limits the ability of school leaders to hire the candidates they choose.
- New York earns 6.5 out of 15 points for “funding equity.” New York charters are not guaranteed a consistent per-pupil amount of funding if they draw from several different districts. Moreover, the legislature has frozen base funding for charters in recent years, making only temporary exceptions for some schools. The state does not provide per-pupil facilities funding for charter schools.
Teacher Quality Score: 85%
Delivering Well Prepared Teachers C
Expanding the Pool of Teachers B
Identifying Effective Teachers B+
Retaining Effective Teachers D+
Exiting Ineffective Teachers D+
Overall State Grade B