2018 PPI Score
School Choice Score: 60%
New Hampshire’s Town Tuitioning Program, enacted and launched in 2017, allows towns without district schools at a student’s grade level to use public dollars for students to attend any public or approved private, non-religious school in or outside of New Hampshire. The “tuitioning” district pays the tuition directly to the “receiving” schools.
The New Hampshire Education Tax Credit Program, enacted in 2012 and began in 2013, allows businesses that donate to scholarship-granting non-profits with tax credits. Families who meet the income limits can receive scholarships towards private schooling, tutoring, online learning, classes at colleges or universities, and/or homeschooling expenses.
Charter Schools Score: 62%
New Hampshire earns a “D” on CER’s rankings. Local school boards (districts) are the main authorizers in New Hampshire. This has a large, negative impact on the state’s grade. New Hampshire has also seen very little growth in its charter sector in recent years.
- Law passed: 1996
- Number of schools: 25
- Estimated charter school enrollment: 3,300 (up 3 percent from 2015-16)
- There is a cap on district- sponsored charter schools
- Virtual charter schools are allowed
- Charter schools can contract with EMOs and CMOs
- New Hampshire earns 3 of 15 points for “authorizing.” School boards in New Hampshire are the primary charter school authorizers; however, once a school board approves them, charter schools need a second approval from the state. Charter applicants can bypass school boards and apply directly to the state as an authorizer, but the state heavily regulates charters, much like school boards. The lack of innovation in the New Hampshire charter sector is evidence that district authorizers don’t let charters behave in a way that it substantively different from district schools.
- New Hampshire earns 6 of 15 points for “growth.” The state caps the number of schools that school boards can approve, though there is no cap on the number of schools that the state can authorize directly. Additionally, no more than 10 percent of students in a school district can attend a charter school without district approval. New Hampshire law further limits charter school growth by requiring successful schools to submit a new application every time they would like to expand or establish a new campus.
- New Hampshire earns 12 of 20 points for “operations.” The law exempts charter schools from state laws and regulations that apply to public schools, but because districts authorize charters schools in New Hampshire, charters are often subject to district regulation. This limits autonomy and innovation. Additionally, the law requires charter school teachers to be traditionally certified, which makes it difficult to school operators to assemble the staffs that they desire.
- New Hampshire earns 2.5 of 15 points for “funding equity.” New Hampshire law guarantees that charters receive at least 80 percent of the per-pupil funding that districts receive, but this doesn’t always happen in practice. Many charters receive significantly less funding than their district counterparts. The disparity is a result of unclear guidance on how federal categorical funds should be distributed. Too often, charters do not receive the federal funds to which their students are entitled. Moreover, New Hampshire provides no per-pupil facilities funding to charters. One of the results of these deep funding inequities has been school closures.
Teacher Quality Score: 68%
Delivering Well Prepared Teachers D
Expanding the Pool of Teachers C
Identifying Effective Teachers F
Retaining Effective Teachers D-
Exiting Ineffective Teachers D-
Overall State Grade D+