2018 PPI Score
School Choice Score: 0%
Charter Schools Score: 65%
Delaware earns a “D” grade in this year’s rankings. Delaware has a de-facto cap on charter schools because it allows district authorizers to refuse to accept charter applications. The state also erects roadblocks when successful charter schools seek to expand. However, we spare Delaware a failing grade because the state funds charters is a comparatively equitable way.
- Law passed 1995
- Number of charter schools: 29
- Estimated charter school enrollment: 15,300 (up 6 percent from 2015-16)
- Virtual charter schools are banned
- Delaware has a legislative moratorium on chartering in Wilmington (where most charters are located)
- Charter schools are allowed to contract with EMOs and CMOs for management purposes
- Delaware earns 5 of 15 points for “authorizing.” Both the State Board of Education and districts can authorize charter schools. Neither authorizer provides charter with the autonomy to operate in a way that is substantively different from districts.
- Delaware earns 3 of 15 possible points for “growth.” The legislature has placed a moratorium on chartering in Wilmington (where most charter schools are located), until 2018. Delaware also limits the expansion of charters in other ways, such as requiring successful schools to submit new applications for extra campuses. These policies have led to little growth in the charter sector.
- Delaware earns 12 of 20 for “operations.” The law grants charters a blanket waiver from regulations that apply to districts, but the Delaware Department of Education is empowered to make new regulations that apply to charter schools. Additionally, the law requires charter school teachers to be traditionally certified. This limits the autonomy of charter operators to assemble the staff that they desire.
- Delaware earns 6 of 15 for “funding equity.” The law funds charters as it funds districts, with some exceptions. Per-pupil state funding amounts derive from a unit funding formula and local funding amount based on each previous year’s per-pupil expenditure in the charter students’ districts of residence. Districts do not always pass the full per-pupil tuition on to charters, which results in continued inequities in state and federal categorical funding.
Teacher Quality Score: 82%
Delivering Well Prepared Teachers B
Expanding the Pool of Teachers B+
Identifying Effective Teachers B-
Retaining Effective Teachers D+
Exiting Ineffective Teachers D+
Overall State Grade B-