2017 PPI Score
School Choice Score: 0%
Charter Schools Score: 82%
New York ranks in the top ten, with a “B” grade due to its multiple, high quality, independent authorizers The SUNY Charter Schools Institute, for example, provides charters with a great deal of autonomy and protects them from burdensome regulations; this is a sound approach to authorizing.
But other aspects of New York’s law depress its grade. Specifically, there is limited innovation in New York’s charter sector in part because the law restricts the type of schools that can be established (virtual charter schools may not exist) and prohibits partnerships with for-profit providers. These restrictions prevent the movement from expanding to serve the tens of thousands of students currently on waiting lists for charter schools.
- Fast Facts
- Law Passed in 1998
- Number of Charters: 301
- Estimated Charter Enrollment: 132,100 (up 5 percent from 2015-16)
- New York has a cap of 460 charter schools (subcap in New York City [NYC]). About 30 schools are still available in NYC and 126 statewide; If recent authorizing and enrollment trends continue, charter caps could be reached in 1-2 years
- Virtual Charter Schools are banned and charter schools cannot contract with for profit EMOs; They may, however, contract with nonprofit CMOs for management services
- Charter Schools do not receive per pupil Pre-k funds
- A study by the university of Arkansas concluded that charter schools in New York City receive 19 percent less in per pupil funding than traditional public schools
- New York receives 11 of 15 possible points for “authorizing” because its law allows both school districts and the SUNY Charter Schools Institute to authorize schools. SUNY, in particular, is an example of high-quality university authorizing. It is independent, provides schools with needed autonomies, and protects schools from regulations that hamper districts.
- New York earns a 10 out of 15 for “growth” due to its charter school cap. The state does have in place policies that allow successful charter schools to replicate, however (such as allowing single boards to hold multiple charters), These policies have contributed to growth in the charter sector and been a boon to the state’s “growth” score.
- New York earns 14 out of 20 points for “operations,” mainly due to the autonomy SUNY provides charters. However, with some exceptions for young and growing schools, charter teachers must be certified and participate in collective bargaining processes. These aspects of New York law limit school autonomy and innovation.
New York earns 6.5 out of 15 points for “funding equity.” New York charters are not guaranteed a consistent per-pupil amount of funding if they draw from several different districts. Moreover, the legislature has frozen base funding for charters in recent years, making only temporary exceptions for some school. New York does not provide per-pupil facilities funding for charter schools.
Online Learning Score: 62%
New York could improve student access to online and blended options by revisiting policies related to class-size, teacher ratios, enrollment, and funding restrictions. The state prohibits full-time online schools and allows only district-led online and blended activities. New York’s Department of Education launched a statewide virtual learning initiative to support the growth of effective online and blended instruction and harness the capacity and needs of all school districts and BOCES. Student eligibility in digital learning environments in New York is not based on prior-year enrollment in the public-school system.
Teacher Quality Score: 85%
Delivering Well Prepared Teachers B
Expanding the Pool of Teachers C+
Identifying Effective Teachers B+
Retaining Effective Teachers B-
Exiting Ineffective Teachers B-