2017 PPI Score
School Choice Score: 75%
Individual Tax Credit/Deduction
Alabama’s refundable tax credit program was enacted and launched in 2013. Different from traditional tax credit programs, refundable tax credits have greater utility for parents of more modest incomes.
Alabama’s education scholarship program was enacted and launched in 2013. A tax-credit scholarship program allows taxpayers who donate to nonprofit scholarship granting organization to receive a tax credits for their contribution.
Charter Schools Score: 62%
Alabama’s charter school sector has seen no growth due to the bureaucracy imposed by its law
Alabama’s law is relatively new having only been passed in 2015. That said as of June 1, 2017 no charter schools have been opened likely due to the bureaucracy imposed by the law’s one and only authorizer, the Alabama State Charter Schools Commission.
Alabama’s initial Charter School Law ranking from the Center for education reform was a D. This is due to the fact that the charter school sector in Alabama has not grown in the past year and a half suggesting the law impedes growth as well as the fact that can be heavily regulated by the state government in a way that will harm their ability to authorize effective charter schools.
- Fast Facts
- Law Passed: 2015
- Number of Schools: 0
- Estimated Charter School Enrollment
- Alabama does cap the number of charter schools that can be authorized
- Online Schools Allowed
- Charter Schools can contract with EMOs and CMOs for management purposes
- Alabama earned a three out of fifteen for authorizers. Alabama’s charter school law allows for school districts to be able to register with the state in order to be able to authorize charter schools. The Alabama Public Charter School Commission is able able to authorize charter schools on appeal or in districts that choose not to register. While it is beneficial that the Public Charter Commission is able to authorize charter schools on appeal, the fact that charter school applications need to first be submitted to school districts, gives districts large amounts of control over the autonomy of charter schools. It is incredibly time consuming as applicants have to comply with two sets of regulations (the districts and the states). This additional level of regulation has resulted in the fact that there are no charter schools active in Alabama two years after such law was passed.
- Alabama earned a three out of fifteen for growth. Alabama’s law creates a cap on the number of charter schools at ten new schools per year which expires in 2020. Additionally, Alabama’s charter school sector has seen no growth since there are not any charter schools in Alabama.
- Alabama earned a twelve out of twenty for operations. While Alabama’s law does allow for a blanket waiver from all regulations that apply to public schools, it also gives the State Board of Education the authority to write regulations for charter schools. This creates a political environment where charter schools can be subject to regulations that harm their ability to operate effectively, thus adversely affecting the experience that students can have.
Alabama earned a five out of fifteen for funding equity. As a new statute, there is uncertainty how Alabama’s charter provisions will be interpreted and implemented. However, on its face, the statute calls for equity between traditional public schools and charters on operations funding. This is true with respect to state funding, but it is noteworthy that the law also calls for charters to receive local operating revenues, albeit with some possible carve outs. Alabama’s charter school law also does not provide for per pupil facilities funding.
Online Learning Score: 62%
Teacher Quality Score: 68%
Delivering Well Prepared Teachers B-
Expanding the Pool of Teachers C-
Identifying Effective Teachers D
Retaining Effective Teachers F
Exiting Ineffective Teachers D